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SS-31 Vial

SS-31

SS-31, also known as elamipretide, is an antioxidant, mitochondria-targeted tetrapeptide.1,2 As a small, water-soluble peptide, SS-31 crosses into the inner mitochondrial membrane to exert activity on cardiolipin, a phospholipid involved in mitochondrial function.1-4 This activity is hypothesized to have wide-ranging potential protective effects — especially regarding protecting neural cells from neurodegenerative mechanisms.4

This product is a lyophilized powder with mannitol filler in a 3mL glass vial.

Pricing & COAs:

Sold Out Batch COAs for Reference:

  • 12.39mg Batch Test Results: S31-0001 (Click here)

Please note that all products available on our website are supplied in lyophilized powder form and typically require reconstitution. Reconstitution involves adding a suitable solvent to achieve the desired concentration for your experiments. We do not provide any instructions or advise on any research protocols.

This product is currently out of stock and unavailable.

SS-31, also known as elamipretide, is a member of the Szeto-Schiller (SS) peptide family,1,2 meaning it is an aromatic-cationic tetrapeptide that crosses into the inner mitochondrial membrane to target cardiolipin via hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions.1,2 As a small, highly water-soluble, mitochondria-targeted antioxidant, SS-31 is hypothesized to have a variety of protective effects.1-4

These protective effects are likely due to SS-31’s ability to improve mitochondrial stability and respiratory capacity.1 Studies have shown that SS-31 is able to exert activity on neural cells,4 possibly protecting their mitochondrial function from neurodegenerative mechanisms such as oxidative stress and aggregation of toxic protein.4 SS-31 has also been shown to modulate leukocyte function.2

Research Studies:

  1. Russo S, De Ramso D, Signorile A, et al. Beneficial effects of SS-31 peptide on cardiac mitochondrial dysfunction in tafazzin knockdown mice. Sci Rep. 2022;12. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-24231-4
  2.  
  3. Escribano-Lopez I, de Marañon AM, Iannantuoni F, et all. The mitochondrial antioxidant SS-31 modulates oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and autophagy in type 2 diabetes. J Clin Med. 2019;8:1322. doi: 10.3390/jcm8091322.
  4.  
  5. Obi C, Smith AT, Hughes GJ, Adeboye AA. Targeting mitochondrial dysfunction with elamipretide. Heart Fail Rev. 2022;27:1925-1932. doi: 10.1007/s10741-021-10199-2
  6.  
  7. Nhu NT, Xiao SY, Liu Y, et al. Mitochondrially-targeted tetrapeptide elamipretide in neurodegeneration. Front Integr Neurosci. 2022;15. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2021.747901.
Sequence: H-DArg-Tyr(2,6-diMe)-Lys-Phe-NH2
Molecular Formula: C32H49N9O5
Molecular Weight: 639.8 g/mol
PubChem CID: 11764719
CAS Number: 736992-21-5

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BPC-157 Vial

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What is BPC - 157 (generic for BPC - 157®)?

Peptides are short chains of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, that play essential roles in various biological processes. We offer a range of peptides specifically designed to address different health concerns, such as weight loss, inflammation, and overall wellness. These peptides work by targeting specific areas in the body, promoting various beneficial effects.

What is BPC - 157 (generic for BPC - 157®)?

Peptides are short chains of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, that play essential roles in various biological processes. We offer a range of peptides specifically designed to address different health concerns, such as weight loss, inflammation, and overall wellness. These peptides work by targeting specific areas in the body, promoting various beneficial effects.

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Peptides are short chains of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins, that play essential roles in various biological processes. We offer a range of peptides specifically designed to address different health concerns, such as weight loss, inflammation, and overall wellness.

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